Geography – Senior Cycle

Geography is concerned with the study of people and their environment. A study of geography will help students develop an understanding of their physical and human surroundings. It examines the changing interrelationships between the physical and human worlds. Through their study of geography, students will develop geographical skills that will help them make informed judgements about issues at local, national, and international levels.


  1. To develop a knowledge and understanding of a selection of contrasting physical and human (social, economic, and cultural) environments and of the relationships that exist between them.
  2. To promote an awareness of the spatial, structural, and temporal patterns of environmental phenomena, both physical and human, at a variety of scales, and to realise that these patterns can change with time.
  3. To understand the opportunities for, and challenges of, global interdependence.
  4. To promote the conservation and sustained management of the earth’s resources for the welfare and happiness of its inhabitants and for future generations.
  5. To recognise, and be sensitive to other people and their culture, here in Ireland and elsewhere.
  6. To develop a variety of geographical skills which can be applied to the world of work and to many other aspects of life.
  7. To develop and promote active citizenship and to encourage informed participation, through lifelong learning, in society at local, national, European and global level.
  8. To encourage the use of information and communication technologies in the teaching and learning of geography.
  9. To assist students to become well-informed and responsible citizens and to enable them to progress to further studies or to enter the world of work.
  10. To provide students, through their study of geography, with an interesting and enjoyable experience and imbue in them a lifelong love of their natural and cultural environment.


Assessment will take the form of a terminal written examination and a report on the geographical investigation. There will be a separate written examination for Higher level and for Ordinary level students. The terminal written examination will have an assessment weighting of 80%. The report on the geographical investigation will have an assessment weighting of 20%. The two forms of assessment will reflect the syllabus content and the learning outcomes specified in each unit of the syllabus. The terminal written examination will consist of questions requiring short answers and multi-part questions requiring more developed answers. Longer essay-style discursive answers will be required only in the assessment of the optional units. All questions will contain stimulus material and a geographical skills element, where appropriate. The report on the geographical investigation will be assessed outside of the terminal written examination.